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Il trovatore

Giuseppe Verdi

Drama in four parts
Libretto by Salvatore Cammarano

Teatro alla Scala Production


From 15 February to 7 March 2014

Running Time: 2 hours 50 minutes intermission included

Sung in Italian with electronic libretto in Italian, English

Notes on the performancesOpen 
This was the most popular opera in Verdi’s times, thanks to that irrational and instinctive tension which never lets up. Chivalrous spirit, primitive feelings, short-tempered tone. A major Spanish drama of honour, indignation and fundamentalist passion. But it is also a nocturnal and lunar opera, in which the driving symbology is fire: of blazes and hatred. In a libretto which cannot be recounted, the protagonist – a romantic hero who is unlucky in war and lucky in love – personifies the Troubador’s values of courtly love. Love and hate are intertwined: Manrico loves Leonora and hates the Count; the Count loves Leonora and hates Manrico; Azucena loves Manrico and hates the Count. But the desire for revenge is so pronounced in Azucena, that she kills the only being she loves and is in turn loved by. The opera-dilemma of maternal love and filial love is presented in the classical staging production directed by Hugo De Ana, last seen in 2001, for the centenary of Verdi’s death. Protagonists: one of the greatest Italian voices, soprano Maria Agresta, who obtained an extraordinary success in last Season’s Oberto conte di San Bonifacio; alongside her will be the acclaimed Argentinian tenor Marcelo Álvarez. It is conducted by Daniele Rustioni, a talented young man whose popularity is on the rise.


Daniele Rustioni
Staging, sets and costumes
Hugo De Ana
Marco Filibeck
Choreographic movements
Leda Lojodice
Weapons Master
Renzo Musumeci Greco


Il Conte di Luna
Franco Vassallo (15, 18, 22, 25 Feb.; 4, 7 Mar.)
Simone Piazzola (20 Feb.; 1, 6 Mar.)
Maria Agresta (15, 18, 20, 22, 25 Feb.; 4, 7 Mar.)
Lucrecia Garcia (1 Mar.)
Kristin Lewis (6 Mar.)
Ekaterina Semenchuk
Marcelo Álvarez (15, 18, 22, 25 Feb.; 4, 7 Mar.)
Carlo Ventre (20 Feb.; 1, 6 Mar.)
Kwangchul Youn (15, 18, 22, 25 Feb.; 4, 7 Mar.)
Roberto Tagliavini (20 Feb.; 1, 6 Mar.)
Marzia Castellini
Massimiliano Chiarolla
Un vecchio zingaro
Ernesto Panariello
Un messo
Giuseppe Bellanca

We inform you that Leo Nucci has decided to eliminate the role of the Conte di Luna from his repertoire because this is no longer suitable for him at this stage of his career.
The Management of the Theatre would like to thank Franco Vassallo who will perform the role of the Conte di Luna in the following performances: 15, 18, 22, 25/02, 4, 7/03.
We also inform you that Massimo Cavalletti will not perform in the production of Il Trovatore; the role of the Conte di Luna on 20/02, and on 1 and 6/03 will be performed by Simone Piazzola.

Teatro alla Scala